The African Union (AU) has signed an historic agreement with Johnson & Johnson for the supply of 400 million doses of Covid-19 vaccines.
In an historic procurement agreement signed on 28 March 2021, all AU states, through the African Vaccine Acquisition Trust (AVAT), set up in November 2020 under the AU chairmanship of South African President Cyril Ramaphosa, will have access to 220 million doses of the Johnson & Johnson single-shot Covod-19 vaccine. There is potential to order an additional 180 million doses.
Most of the supplies will be produced in South Africa by Aspen Pharma. The vaccines will be made available to African countries through the African Medical Supplies Platform (AMSP), over a period of 18 months, said African Vaccine Acquisition Task Team (AVATT) in a statement.
President Ramaphosa was expected to toured Aspen Pharma in Port Elizabeth with Johnson & Johnson Executives yesterday to inspect preparations for the production of the vaccines. The production of vaccines at the facility will be a massive boost for jobs in South Africa.
The transaction was made possible through the US$2 billion facility approved by the African Export-Import Bank (Afreximbank), who also acted as financial and transaction advisers, guarantors, installment payment advisers and payment agents.
The successful conclusion of the agreement was made possible by the support of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) and the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), who supported the negotiation process with Johnson & Johnson.
UNICEF is also acting as procurement and logistics agent. The African Vaccine Acquisition Task Team (AVATT) was supported in terms of advice on various aspects by the World Health Organisation (WHO).
Prior to the conclusion of the agreement with Johnson & Johnson, African Member States were asked to make pre-orders for the vaccines and many countries showed strong preference for this particular vaccine. The countries will be able to purchase the vaccines either using cash, or a facility from Afreximbank. Most countries have already completed their pre-orders.
The direct acquisition of vaccines by the African countries through the AVATT initiative is part of the continental objective to achieve a minimum of 60 percent immunisation of the African population, in order to eliminate Covid-19. This target is in line with targets set in other regions such as Europe and the United States.
The international donor community has pledged to provide 27 percent through the COVAX Initiative (which is coordinated by Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) and the WHO), whilst Africa must find the rest. AVATT and COVAX work very closely together.
“H.E Cyril Ramaphosa, President of South Africa, African Union Champion for the Covid-19 vaccine strategy and acquisition, and chairman of AVATT, welcomed this historic Agreement, which he personally initiated directly with the company, during his tenure as chair of the African Union.
“This Agreement is a significant milestone in protecting the health of all Africans. It is also a powerful demonstration of African unity and of what we can achieve through partnership between the state sector, the private sector and international institutions that puts people first,” said President Ramaphosa was quoted in the statement.
Professor Benedict Oramah, President of Afreximbank, said: “Afreximbank is proud to be associated with this historic and collective effort. In the midst of a very tight Covid-19 vaccine market, we are highly honoured to have been given the opportunity by the African Union to facilitate this impactful transaction under the auspices of the Africa Vaccine Acquisition Task Team (AVATT).
Acting as financial and transaction advisors, guarantors, installment payment facility arrangers and payment agents, we look forward to beginning the deployment of the US$2 billion Vaccine Procurement facility approved by the Bank’s Board of Directors towards assisting the continent to begin to rid itself of the pandemic and rebuild its economy.
This financing will support Intra-African Trade and we have already commenced engagement with our financial partners to secure the additional funding that would support procurement if Africa decides to procure the additional 180 million doses.”
Dr John Nkengasong, Director of the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC), said: “The Africa CDC recommended to the African Union that a minimum of 750 million Africans (60 percent) must be immunised if we are to contain the spread of Covid-19. This transaction enables Africa to meet almost 50 percent of that target.
The key to this particular vaccine is that it is a single-shot vaccine which makes it easier to roll out quickly and effectively, thus saving lives.
Mr Strive Masiyiwa, African Union Special Envoy signed for AVAT, while Mr Jaak Peeters, Johnson & Johnson Special Envoy for COVID-19 vaccine, signed on behalf of Johnson & Johnson.
Mr Masiyiwa thanked Mr Moussa Faki Mahamat, chairperson of the African Union Commission for his support to the work of AVATT. He also praised Amira Elfadil Mohammed Elfadil, Commissioner for Social Affairs, Africa Union Commission, for her contributions to AVATT.
He expressed his appreciation to the staff of Afreximbank, the Africa CDC, ECA and UNICEF for their extraordinary effort over the last three months in putting this Agreement together.